Explaining Auditing and Its Purpose

An audit is an independent examination of a company’s financial statements, such as its income statement, balance sheet, and statement of cash flows. The reliability of the company’s financial reporting is evaluated. The procedure analyses the company’s record-keeping practices regarding investment, financing, and operation activities.

An audit may be performed by in-house personnel or external, objective parties like a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) firm or a government body like the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). When conducting audits of financial statements in the United States, auditors will compare them to GAAP or Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The Auditing Standards Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) is responsible for setting standards for external audits (ASB). External auditors must adhere to generally accepted auditing standards (GAAS) as mandated by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 mandates an examination of the effects of internal controls on publicly traded corporations. As stated in the document, criminal charges may be brought against organizations that fail to create and enforce internal controls.

To know best, discuss your situation with an expert CPA in Lake Mary, Florida.

What Are Internal Controls?

You might think of them as how a company can control its operations by enforcing rules on access, documentation, consistency, security, and the division of labor. Both detective work and preventative measures fall under this category.

In order to reduce the likelihood of errors or dishonesty, it is common practice to divide tasks and assign them to different people.

The Role of the Detective’s Handles

These extra layers of protection are designed to catch any problems that slipped past the first quality checks. To resolve inconsistencies, administrators may employ reconciliation methods, which involve comparing the data at hand to independently verified sources of information.

Examinations Conducted Within Organizations

This kind of audit is typically carried out by in-house staff members and is used to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of the company’s internal processes and procedures. When a company does this analysis, it is usually before its financial statements have been reviewed by an external auditor, and its goal is to find any problems that may exist in the company’s operations. Its other purpose is to root out any problems with adhering to applicable laws and regulations.

Evaluations from Outside Sources

An independent auditor, such as a public accounting firm, evaluates the soundness of a company’s internal controls and financial statements. It’s done because an internal audit just can’t be as objective as an external one.

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